Anatomy Of Gi Tract The ascendance colon is on the adapted ancillary of the abdomen, is about 12.5 cm long. It is the allotment of the colon from the cecum to the hepatic bend (the about-face of the colon by the liver). It is [retroperitoneal] in a lot of humans. In agriculture animals the cecum empties into the circling colon. Anteriorly it is accompanying to the coils of baby intestine, the adapted bend of the greater omentum, and the antecedent abdomen wall. Posteriorly, it is accompanying to the iliacus, the iliolumbar ligament, the quadratus lumborum, the axle abdominis, the diaphragm at the tip of the endure rib; the crabbed cutaneous, ilioinguinal, and iliohypogastric nerves; the iliac branches of the iliolumbar vessels, the fourth lumbar artery, and the adapted kidney.
The axle colon is the allotment of the colon from the hepatic bend (the about-face of the colon by the liver) to the splenic bend (the about-face of the colon by the spleen). The axle colon hangs off the stomach, captivated to it by a avant-garde bandage of tissue alleged the greater omentum. On the afterwards side, the axle colon is affiliated to the afterwards abdomen coffer by a mesentery accustomed as the axle mesocolon.